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Art - The Evolution

Edakkal Caves

Edakkal Caves,Wayanad

Even before man spoke his first words, he felt the need to create and surround himself with art. Our hunter-gatherer ancestors of the Paleolithic era (25000-8000 BCE), who lived in caves, were in fact the first to decorate the walls of their homes with paintings of their daily hunt. The oldest animal cave painting is believed to be that of a pig at Maros in Sulawesi, an Indonesian island, and is purported to date back 35,400 years. India’s own Bhimbhetka cave paintings date back over 30,000 years.
Starting in the Neolithic era, religion had also started becoming an important theme and this carried down the ancient civilizations like the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek and Roman civilizations.
Statue of Artemis

Statue of Artemis, Vatican Museum

The decline of the Roman Empire saw the rise of Medieval Art, a movement that was a sum of many parts, that lasted over a 1,000 years. It spanned multiple styles and media including sculptures, illuminated manuscripts, stained glass, metalwork and mosaics, frescos wall-paintings, precious metals and tapestry. The Medieval Art movement saw its genesis in Early Christian art before evolving into Byzantine art, Anglo-Saxon art, Viking art, Ottonian art, Romanesque art and Gothic art. Meanwhile, Islamic art was sweeping the eastern Mediterranean regions and beyond.
The Pietà By Michelangelo

The Pietà By Michelangelo, St.Basilica

The Medieval era ended with the Renaissance, which swept Europe between the 14th and 17th centuries. The Renaissance was a glorious awakening of man’s aesthetic and intellectual sensibilities.

Renaissance art might have had its seeds in Classical antiquity, but evolved with the application of contemporary scientific knowledge. The movement swept Europe influencing both artists and their patrons with the development of new techniques and new artistic sensibilities.
Mona Lisa

Mona Lisa

By the 18th and 19th centuries, movements like Neoclassicism, Romantic art, Academic art, and Realism had surfaced. While there is no real consensus on when the Modern art really began, the art movements that found their genesis in between the 19th and 21st centuries can be categorised into Modernism and Contemporary art, the latter often being called Post-modernism. The influences that created the artworks of this period range from new scientific discoveries, Einstein’s theories, Fruedian thinking, and the devastating impact of two World Wars. While classifications like Expressionism, Dadaism, and Cubism emerged, a significant trend was the influence of other global art forms such as Primitivism, Japonism and Oceanic art on the works of Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse. This marked the beginning of what hacome to define the art scene today – the birth of a global art culture and not splintered microcosms of local artists.
The intricate ceiling of Vatican museum

The intricate ceiling of Vatican museum